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PublicatienummerCN201340646 Y
PublicatietypeVerlening
AanvraagnummerCN 200820205283
Publicatiedatum4 nov 2009
Aanvraagdatum15 dec 2008
Prioriteitsdatum15 dec 2008
Publicatienummer200820205283.3, CN 200820205283, CN 201340646 Y, CN 201340646Y, CN-Y-201340646, CN200820205283, CN200820205283.3, CN201340646 Y, CN201340646Y
Uitvinders邓新文, 鑫 陈
Aanvrager邓新文;陈 鑫
Citatie exporterenBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externe links:  SIPO, Espacenet
Remote gas monitoring alarm device
CN 201340646 Y
Samenvatting
The utility model discloses a novel remote gas monitoring alarm device, which comprises a gas sensor, a wireless receiving and sending terminal, a transmission node, a power line. Wherein the connection relation is an electrical connection between the gas sensor and a wireless receiving and sending terminal A, a sink-source C, the wireless receiving and sending terminal A, a transmission node 1, a power line 1, a transmission node 2, a transmission node 3, a power line 2, a transmission node 4, a wireless receiving and sending terminal B, a sink-source D are electrically connected sequentially. The utility model has the advantages that the conditions of safety production in an operation area, such as the gas concentration, the humidity, the temperature, the air pressure, the dust condensation, the production schedule and the like of a coal mine well can be reflected to all levels of supervision departments for the safety production a thousand miles away by utilizing the method, the supervision departments can promptly and rapidly feed back the information to the operation area, thereby the method facilitates the safety production greatly.
Claims(3)  vertaald uit het Chinees
1、一种远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,包括瓦斯传感器,其特征在于:还包括有无线收发终端、传送节点、电力线,它们之间的连接关系为瓦斯传感器与无线收发终端A电连接,信源信宿C、无线收发终端A、传送节点1、电力线1、传送节点2、传送节点3、电力线2、传送节点4、无线收发终端B、信源信宿D依次电连接。 A remote gas monitoring alarms, including gas sensors, characterized by further comprising: a wireless transceiver terminal, transfer node, power lines, connections between them as gas sensors and radio terminal A is electrically connected to the source 1, the power line, the transfer node sink C, radio terminal A, a transmitting node 2, the transmitting node 3, the power line 2, the transmitting node 4, a wireless transceiver terminal B, the source is electrically connected to the sink D sequentially.
2、 根据权利要求l所述的远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,其特征在于:所述传送节点包括天线、无线收发器模组、主控制器、双宽带高输出电流放大器、电线标准界面耦合器、电力线,它们依次电连接, 并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从天线传送到电力线,亦可从电力线传送到天线。 2, according to claim l wherein remotely monitoring the gas alarm device, wherein: said transmitting node comprising an antenna, a wireless transceiver module, the master controller, dual broadband high output current amplifiers, wire standard coupler interfaces, power line, which in turn is electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, said bi-directional transmission means transmits a signal from the antenna to the power line, it can also be transmitted from the power line to the antenna.
3、 根据权利要求2所述的远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,其特征在于:所述无线收发器模组包括天线、功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器和晶体振荡器,功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器依次电连接, 并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从功率放大器传送到微处理器,亦可从微处理器传送到功率放大器,微处理器的另一端与主控制器电连接,天线与功率放大器电连接接收信号再发射,天线亦与功率放大器电连接送进信号,晶体振荡器A与射频放大器电连接,晶体振荡器B与微处理器电连接。 3, according to Claim remote monitoring gas alarm device according to claim 2, wherein: said wireless transceiver module includes an antenna, a power amplifier, RF transceiver, a microprocessor and a crystal oscillator, power amplifier, a radio frequency transceiver , a microprocessor in turn electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, the two-way transmission means signal is transmitted from the power amplifier to the microprocessor, can be transferred from the microprocessor to the power amplifier, the other end of the microprocessor electrically connected to the main controller, antenna and power amplifier coupled to receive the electrical signal and then transmit antenna is also connected to the electrical feed signal amplifier, crystal oscillator and RF amplifier A is electrically connected to the crystal oscillator B is electrically connected to the microprocessor.
Beschrijving  vertaald uit het Chinees

远距离瓦斯监控报警装置 Remote gas monitoring and warning system

技术领域 Technical Field

本实用新型涉及瓦斯监控报警的装置。 Apparatus of the present utility model relates to a gas monitor alarms. 背景技术 Background

含有瓦斯的作业区是高危险作业区,为了安全生产,在含瓦斯的作业区设有监控报警装置。 Work area containing gas is high-risk work area, for safety, the work area is provided containing gas monitoring and warning devices. 目前,瓦斯监控报警装置各有不同,监控报警方法亦各有不同。 Currently, gas monitoring and warning system is different, alarm monitoring methods are also different. 现最常用的是:含瓦斯的作业区安装瓦斯传感器,当瓦斯浓度达到危险值后再报警,或者是将瓦斯浓度信息传送到异地的安全生产监管部门,而这种传送一般都是非远距离,例如从煤矿矿井到矿井附近的地面安全生产监管处,若用无线信道传输,从地下矿井到地面,需要功率较大的发射器,若用有线信道传输,则要另架线道,若利用电力线,当电力线上有对信号起隔离作用的元器件时, 如电表、开关等,就无法传输。 Now most commonly used are: work area containing gas installation gas sensor, when the gas concentration reaches dangerous values before the police, or to transfer information to a remote gas concentration safety production supervision departments, and such transfers are generally non-remote, for example, from coal mine to mine production safety supervision office near the ground, if the radio channel transmission, from underground mines to the ground, you need to power a large emitters, if using a wired channel transmission, will have another rack lanes, if the use of power lines When there is a signal from the power line isolation components when such meters, switches, etc., can not be transmitted. 发明内容 DISCLOSURE

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题就是为了克服上述不足之处而提供一种远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,利用该装置可以实现远距离瓦斯监控报警,例如矿务局或省、市安全生产监控管理部门可以监控远隔数百公里外的煤矿矿井地下作业区的安全生产。 The utility model technical problem to be solved is to overcome the deficiencies and to provide a remote gas monitoring alarm device, using the device can realize long-distance gas alarm monitoring, such as the Bureau of Mines or the provincial and municipal safety production monitoring and management You can monitor hundreds of kilometers distant safe production of coal mine underground work areas.

本实用新型采用如下技术方案。 The utility model adopts the following technical solution.

远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,包括瓦斯传感器,还包括有无线收发终端、传送节点、电力线,它们之间的连接关系为瓦斯传感器与无线收发终端A电连接,信源信宿C、无线收发终端A、传送节点l、电 Remote gas monitoring alarms, including gas sensors, including wireless transceiver terminal, transfer node, power lines, connections between them as gas sensors and radio terminal A is electrically connected to the source sink C, radio terminals A, transfer node l, electrical

力线l、传送节点2、传送节点3、电力线2、传送节点4、无线收发终端B、信源信宿D依次电连接。 Power line l, transmitting node 2, the transmitting node 3, the power line 2, the transmitting node 4, a wireless transceiver terminal B, the source is electrically connected to the sink D sequentially.

所述传送节点包括天线A、无线收发器模组、主控制器、双宽带高输出电流放大器、电线标准界面耦合器、电力线,它们依次电连接, 并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从天线传送到电力线,亦可从电力线传送到天线。 The transfer node includes an antenna A, a wireless transceiver module, the main controller, dual broadband high output current amplifiers, couplers wire interface standard, power lines, which in turn is electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, the two-way transmission, refers to the signal transmitted from the antenna to the power line, can be transferred from the power line to the antenna.

所述无线收发器模组包括天线、功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器和晶体振荡器,功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器依次电连接, 并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从功率放大器传送到微处理器,亦可从微处理器传送到功率放大器,微处理器的另一端与主控制器电连接,天线与功率放大器电连接接收信号再发射,天线亦与功率放大器电连接送进信号,晶体振荡器A与射频放大器电连接,晶体振荡器B与微处理器电连接。 The wireless transceiver module includes an antenna, a power amplifier, RF transceiver, a microprocessor and a crystal oscillator, power amplifier, RF transceiver, a microprocessor in turn electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, said bi-directional transmission refers to the signal transmitted from the power amplifier to the microprocessor, can be transferred from the microprocessor to the power amplifier, the microprocessor and the other end connected to the main controller is powered electrically connected to the antenna and the amplifier receives a signal re-transmission antenna also connected to electrical feed signal amplifier, crystal oscillator and RF amplifier A is electrically connected to the crystal oscillator B is electrically connected to the microprocessor.

本实用新型的优点在于:采用无线传输和电力线载波传输相结合的设备,可实现远距离瓦斯监控及报警,例如,某煤矿矿井安全生产情况,如瓦斯浓度、湿度、温度、粉尘度、气压、生产进度等,都可以利用本装置反映到相隔数百公里以外的各级安全生产监管部门,如反映到矿务局、省市级安全生产监管部门,各级安全生产监管部门又可及时快速及反馈信息到矿井作业区,这样大大有利于安全生产。 The utility model has the advantage: the use of wireless transmission and power line carrier transmission combined device enables remote gas monitoring and alarm, for example, a coal mine mine production safety situation, such as gas concentration, humidity, temperature, dust, scale, pressure, production schedule, etc., can take advantage of this device is reflected by the safety production supervision departments at all levels of hundreds of kilometers away, as reflected in the Bureau of Mines, provincial and municipal safety production supervision departments, production safety supervision departments at all levels can be as quickly and feedback information to the mine operations area, which greatly benefit the safety in production. 附图说明图l为本实用新型结构方框图; 图2为传送节点结构方框图; 图3为无线收发器模组结构方框图。 Brief Description of the Figure l present a block diagram showing the structure of the utility model; FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a structure of a transmitting node; FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a wireless transceiver module. 具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

结合实施例和附图对实用新型作进一歩的说明。 Combining practical examples and figures to make into a ho new instructions implemented.

参看图l,远距离瓦斯监控报警装置,包括瓦斯传感器,还包括有无线收发终端、传送节点、电力线,它们之间的连接关系为瓦斯传 Referring to Figure l, remote gas monitoring alarms, including gas sensors, including wireless transceiver terminal, transfer node, power lines, connected between them to pass gas

感器与无线收发终端A电连接,信源信宿C、无线收发终端A、传送节点l、电力线l、传送节点2、传送节点3、电力线2、传送节点4、 无线收发终端B、信源信宿D依次电连接。 Sensors and radio terminal A is electrically connected, the source sink C, radio terminals A, transfer node l, power line l, transmitting node 2, the transmitting node 3, the power line 2, the transmitting node 4, a wireless transceiver terminal B, the source sink D in turn is electrically connected. 所述电连接,包括有线信道和无线信道,传送节点1与传送节点2间的电连接、传送节点3与传送节点4间的电连接为有线信道,传送节点2与传送节点3间的电连接、无线收发终端A与传送节点1、传送节点4与无线收发终端B 间的电连接为无线信道,信源信宿C与无线收发终端A间的电连接、 信源信宿C与无线收发终端B间的电连接为无线信道。 The electrical connector includes two electric cable channel and radio channel, transmitting node 1 and the transfer node connected to the electrical four transmitting node 3 and the transfer node is connected to a wired channel, 2 and transfer node transmitting node electrically connected to three of The wireless transceiver terminal A and the transfer node, the transfer node 4 is electrically connected to a wireless transceiver terminal B between the radio channel, electrically connected source sink C and radio terminal A between between the source sink C and radio terminal B The electrical connection is a radio channel.

参看图2,所述传送节点包括天线、无线收发器模组、主控制器、 双宽带高输出电流放大器、电线标准界面耦合器、电力线,它们依次电连接,并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从天线传送到电力线,亦可从电力线传送到天线。 Referring to Figure 2, the transfer node comprising an antenna, a wireless transceiver module, the master controller, dual broadband high output current amplifiers, couplers wire interface standard, power lines, which in turn is electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, said bidirectional transmission means transmits a signal from the antenna to the power line, it can also be transmitted from the power line to the antenna.

参看图3,所述无线收发器模组包括天线、功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器和晶体振荡器,功率放大器、射频收发器、微处理器依次电连接,并可双向传送数据信号,所述双向传送,是指信号从功率放大器传送到微处理器,亦可从微处理器传送到功率放大器,微处理器的另一端与主控制器电连接,天线与功率放大器电连接接收信号再发射,天线亦与射频收发器电连接送进信号,晶体振荡器A与射频收发器电连接,晶体振荡器B与微处理器电连接。 Referring to Figure 3, the wireless transceiver module includes an antenna, a power amplifier, RF transceiver, a microprocessor and a crystal oscillator, power amplifier, RF transceiver, a microprocessor in turn electrically connected, and two-way transmission of data signals, The two-way transmission means signals from the power amplifier to the microprocessor, can be transferred from the microprocessor to the power amplifier, the microprocessor and the other end connected to the main controller is powered electrically connected to the antenna and the amplifier receives a signal again transmit antenna is also connected to the radio transceiver electrical feed signal, A crystal oscillator is electrically connected to the RF transceiver, crystal oscillator B is electrically connected to the microprocessor. 电源给各元器 Power to each ELEMENTS

件供电。 Parts supply. 图2、图3中的天线为同一元器件。 Figure 2, Figure 3 the same components of the antenna.

所述电力线l、电力线2,电力线l是信源附近的电力线,如矿井作业区附近的电力线,电力线2是安全生产监管部门附近的电力 The power line l, 2 power lines, power line l is close to the power source line, such as the work area near the mine power lines, power line 2 is close to production safety regulators power

线,可以是以下三种情况:①、同一根电力线,由于电力线上装有对 Line, which can be of the following three conditions: ①, with a power line, because the power line is equipped to

信号起隔离作用的元器件,如电表、开关等,该元器件前段的电力线 Signal isolators components, such as meters, switches, etc., the components of the preceding Powerline

称电力线l,后段的电力线称电力线2。 Said power line l, the rear section of the power line, said power line 2. ②、同一组输电电力线上, 电力线1为X相,电力线2为Y相或Z相。 ②, the same set of transmission power line, power line 1 X phase, Y phase power line 2 or Z phase. ③、不同组的输电电力线上,第一组中的某相电力线为电力线1,另一组中的某相电力线为电力线2。 ③, a different set of transmission power line in the first group phase of a power line for the power line 1, and the other group a phase power line for the power line 2.

本文件所述传送节点l、传送节点2、传送节点3、传送节点4、 结构相同,各元器件的作用如下: This document is the transfer node l, transmitting node 2, the transmitting node 3, the transmitting node 4, the same structure, the role of the various components are as follows:

A:无线收发器模块:用于接收无线终端发射来的音视频及控制信号,同时将接收到的信号传给主控制器;或接收从主控制器解调出 A: The wireless transceiver modules: audio, video and control signals for receiving wireless terminal to transmit at the same time will receive the signals to the main controller; or received from the host controller to demodulate

来的音视频及控制信号,通过无线发射给无线收发终端或传送节点。 To the audio, video and control signals via a wireless transmitter to transmit radio terminal or node.

B:主控制器:将无线收发器模块传过来的信号,加上电力地址编码,调制后,传给双宽带高输出电流放大器;或接收从电线标准介 B: Main Controller: The wireless transceiver module pass over the signal, plus electricity address encoding, modulation, passed to double broadband high output current amplifiers; or receive referrals from the cable standard

面耦合器耦合来的信号,解调,去除电力地址编码后传给无线收发器模块。 Coupling surface coupled to the signal, demodulation, after removal of the power transmitted to the wireless transceiver address code module. C:双宽带高输出电流放大器:将主控制器传过来的信号,变成大电流信号,然后传给电线标准介面耦合器耦合到电力线上。 C: Dual Wideband, High Output Current Amplifiers: The main controller pass over the signal into current signals, and then passed the wire standard coupler interface coupled to the power line.

D:电线标准介面耦合器:将双宽带高输出电流放大器传过来的大电流音视频及控制信号耦合到电力线上;或从电力线上将音视频及控制信号分离出来,传给主控制器。 D: Wire Standard Interface Coupler: double broadband high output current amplifiers pass over the high current audio, video and control signals are coupled to the power line; or be separated from the power line and control audio and video signals transmitted to the main controller.

E:电源管理器是从电力线上取得的电源,通过稳压分压,分别供电给无线收发模块,主控制器,双宽带高输出电流放大器,及电线标准介面耦合器。 E: Power Manager is the power obtained from the power line, the partial pressure by the regulator were to power wireless transceiver module, the main controller, dual broadband high output current amplifiers and cords standard interface coupler.

无线收发器模组各元器的作用如下: Wireless transceiver modules each element's role is as follows:

1、 功率放大器:用于将射频收发器调制好的信号,通过功率放大后调制于天线上以无线形式发送出去。 1, a power amplifier: RF transceiver for good modulation signal after amplification by the power modulation on the antenna to send out a wireless form.

2、 射频收发器:将微处理器传送过来的数据,经过载波调制后发给功率放大器;或将天线传送过来的信号,经解调出数据后传送给微处理器。 2, the RF transceiver: data transmitted from the microprocessor, issued after the carrier modulation amplifier; or the signal transmitted from the antenna, is transmitted to the microprocessor after demodulation of the data.

3、 微处理器:与射频收发器互传数据;与传送节点中的主控制器互传数据。 3, the microprocessor: RF transceiver mutual transfer data; and transmitting node transfer data to the host controller.

4、 晶体振荡器B:与微处理器连接,保证微处理器正常工作。 4, crystal oscillator B: connection with the microprocessor, to ensure normal operation of the microprocessor.

5、 晶体振荡器A:与射频收发器连接,保证射频收发器正常工作。 5, crystal oscillator A: RF transceiver connected to the RF transceiver to ensure normal work.

参看图1至图3,简述本实用新型的工作过程,包括以下步骤: ①在需监控瓦斯浓度的作业区安装信源信宿C,如瓦斯传感器、摄像头、对讲机、可视屏、计算机、电视机;② 信源信宿C将电信号传送到无线终端收发器A,如将瓦斯传感器检测到的瓦斯浓度信号传送到无线收发终端A; Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, outlined the utility of new work processes, including the following: ① From the need to monitor gas concentration operation area installation source sink C, such as gas sensors, cameras, radios, can screen, computer, TV ; ② source sink C transmit electrical signals to the wireless terminal transceiver A, such as methane gas concentration sensor detects a signal is transmitted to the radio terminal A;

③ 无线收发终端A将信源信宿C传过来的信号调制为数据信号并传送到传送节点1; ③ radio terminal A source sink C pass over the signal modulation data signal and sent to the transmitting node 1;

④ 传送节点1将数据信号耦合到电力线1,利用电力线传输到传送节点2; A data signal ④ transfer node coupled to the power line 1, the use of power lines for transmission to the transmitting node 2;

◎传送节点2将数据信号通过无线传送到传送节点3; 2 ◎ data signal transmitted via wireless transmission node to the transmitting node 3;

⑥ 传送节点3将数据信号耦合到电力线2,利用电力线传送数据信 3 ⑥ transfer node data signals are coupled to the power line 2, the use of power lines to carry data signals

号到传送节点4; Transfer node number to 4;

⑦ 传送节点4将数据信号调解传送到无线收发终端B; ⑦ transfer node 4 data signals transmitted to the radio terminal mediate B;

⑧ 无线收发终端B将信号传送给信源信宿D,如摄像头、对讲机、 可视屏、计算机、电视机; ⑧ radio terminal B transmits a signal to the source sink D, such as cameras, radios, can screen, computer, TV;

⑨ 信源信宿D发出指令,变成信源,反向传送到信源信宿C,信源信宿C变成信宿,作业区的人员根据指令处理; Source sink D ⑨ issued a directive into the source, back transfer to the source sink C, C source sink into the sink, staff work area according to instruction processing;

⑩ 通过步骤①〜⑨,完成信号的双向传送,进监控,所述双向传送, ⑩ step ①~⑨, complete two-way transmission signals into the monitoring, the two-way transmission,

是指信源信宿C发出信号通过中间的传送装置传送到信源信宿D,亦可是信源信宿D发出信号通过中间的传送装置传送到信源信宿C,或者是它们之间的相互信号反馈。 Refers to the source sink C signals transmitted to the source destination D via the intermediate transfer means, also is the source sink D signals transmitted to the source destination C via an intermediate transfer apparatus, or mutual signal feedback therebetween.

传送节点2和传送节点3之间,根据传送距离的远近,可以安排多个传送节点和电力线进行数据信号的传送,如传送节点2—电力线3—传送节点5—传送节点6—电力线4—传送节点7—传送节点8— 电力线5 —传送节点9—传送节点3。 2 between the transmitting node and the transmitting node 3, according to the distance of transmission distance, can be arranged a plurality of transmitting nodes and power lines to transmit data signals, such as power line 2- 3- transfer node transmitting node transmitting node 6- 5- 4- power transmission line transfer node node 7- 8- power line 5 - 9- transmitting node 3 transmitting node.

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Internationale classificatieG08B25/06, G08B21/00, G08B21/16, G08B25/01
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4 nov 2009C14Granted
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